Periodontal disease is an infection of the gum and the tissues that support our teeth. If left untreated, it can cause progressive bone loss around the teeth, loseness and tooth loss. This oral inflammatory disease has many variations in occurance and seriousness depending on: Oral hygiene, age, general health and genetical background.
Gum disease can be present in the mouth independently from dental caries. When patients complain that a totally healthy tooth has fallen out or needed to be extracted, it is because the tissues that would support that tooth are damaged beyond repair.
There is a lot of confusion among patients concerning periodontal diseases. Here you find answers to the most frequently asked questions:
Periodontal disease affects more than 90% of Hungary's population to some degree. It is caused by bacteria present in the mouth, but the condition is not infectious.
It can be cured ( like gum inflammation) and treated (like gum decay) to stop the condition from getting worse. If left untreated, it can cause serious health problems like heart and cardiological diseases or even premature delivery. The success of the periodontal treatment depends largely on the co-operation between patient, who are expected to pay particular attention to oral hygiene, and dentist, who will use his specialist knowledge and experience in this field. Tendency to develop periodontal disease can be inherited, but its development depends on the patient's own lifestyle and oral health.
The disease can affect children as well. If you suffer from the fully developed disease, regular dental treatments can reverse the condition or can at least keep you symptom-free for several years. In more serious cases, dental surgery will be the only solution to treat the illness.
The most common types of periodontal diseases:
Gingivitis – gum disease
Gingivitis is the inflammation of the gums around the teeth, which may be caused by a build up of plaque due to improper cleaning of teeth, or by injury to the gums from over-vigorous brushing. Gingivitis affects our gums, but not the tissues supporting our teeth. The most common symptoms are bright red, swollen gums that bleed easily, mouth sores and bad breath. Pregnancy, diabetes and puberty increase the risk of gingivitis, as well as misaligned teeth, rough edges of fillings and unclean dentures, bridges and crown. The condition is generally reversible with dental treatment. Regular cleanings below the gum line, best accomplished professionally by a dentist, disrupt plaque and accumulated bacteria and help prevent inflammation. Scientific studies show that all of us should have our gums cleaned by a dentist every 3-4 months.
Parodontitis – gum decay
Parodontitis is the infection of tissues and bones that support our teeth. If left untreated, it can cause progressive bone loss around teeth, loseness and eventual tooth loss. Gum decay occurs in people who have pre-existing gingivitis infections, or suffer from diseases that affect their resistance to infections, like diabetes and immun deficient syndrome. Most common symptoms are bleeding of the gum, persistent bad breath, receding gum line and pockets between teeth and gum. To fight the disease, good oral hygiene and regular dental check-ups are essential.
Important: Regular dental check-ups help early detection of periodontal diseases. Your dentist will advise you whether it is possible to carry out your treatment in the surgery or it would be advisable to refer you to a specialist.
Ultrasonic Plaque removal
Plaque is a soft white layer which forms on the surface of our teeth and under our gum line, containing large amounts of bacteria. If left unchecked for a few days, it will harden and form tartar. Bacteria and food particles accumulate in the spaces between our gum and teeth, and produce chemicals and toxins that cause inflammation of the gum around the teeth. It is essential to professionally clean the teeth from plaque to prevent periodontal diseases. Plaque and tartar, left untreated for a longer period of time, will be required to be removed using ultrasonic plaque removal methods. These methods are designed to thoroughly clean our teeth under and above the gum line without damaging the gum. Ultrasonic plaque removal not only scrapes away bacterial plaque easily and fast, but also creates a soft surface where bacteria will not be able to accumulate. This soft surface can be kept clean and free from plaque for a long time by regular brushing at home.
It is advisable to undergo plaque removal and a thorough dental cleaning every six months.